Furniture has been a symbol of wealth and luxury for centuries, from the Jacobean era of the 1600s through contemporary Scandinavian design of the 1900s. Here is the summary of historical or traditional furniture styles – and the main features of these styles :
Jacobean (1600-1690): The Jacobean was carried out of the English Renaissance. Jacobean furniture is characterized by straight lines, ornate carvings and dark finish.
William and Mary (1690-1735): William and Mary furniture style was well-known in the late 17th and early 18th century and is characterized by Dutch and Chinese influences.
Queen Anne (1700-1755): Queen Anne furniture built during the reign of William III of England. It is characterized by cabriole legs, fiddle-backed chairs and drawer pulls with a shape of a bat wing.
Pennsylvania Dutch (1720-1830): This is an American furniture style with Germanic influences. It is characterized by simplicity and popular colorful folk painting cases.
Louis XVI (1760-1789): This was designed for Marie Antoinette during the French Revolution and influenced by Neoclassical design. This is characterized by the Greco-Roman influence, straight lines, classic motifs like fluting, and richly carved details.
Chippendale (1750-1790): This style was created by a maker of cabinet in London, Thomas Chippendale. It can be classified in Gothic, French, and Chinese influences and even the Queen Anne style. This is characterized by cabriole legs and the displacement of upper gable of tall cases.
Hepplewhite (1765-1800): Hepplewhite is named after George Hepplewhite , a London designer who was well-known in the early United States. It is characterized by its Neoclassical influence, delicate appearance, tapered legs and contrast plates and inlay.
Sheraton (1780-1820): The Sheraton style is named after George Sheraton, an English designer with Hepplewhite whose work overlaps. Sheraton is characterized by an almost severe simplicity, straight lines, in contrast to plates, and sometimes conical legs.
Federal (1780-1820): Federal is a combination of Hepplewhite and Sheraton styles. It is known for its straight lines gracefully, contrasting plates, neoclassical motifs and ornamentation
American Empire (1800-1840): This is a stylish French-inspired furniture that was popular in the US during the late 19th century and is known for classical ornamentation, carvings and dark finish.