If you live in an urban area, you have probably heard of the term “gentrification”. For Merriam-Webster, it means “a process in which a poor area (such as a city) experiences an influx of wealthy or middle class people renovating and rebuilding homes and businesses and which often results in an increase in property values. And displacement former residents, generally poorer ”.
Although this is a relatively simple definition, the subject of gentrification is much more complex. Urban planners, developers and social justice groups come and go between the pros and cons of gentrification, particularly because it affects minorities, who often make up the slum populations they gentrify. Here is a brief summary of what you need to know about gentrification. Peralatan Rumah Tangga
In the introduction to the 1964 book London: Aspects of Change, British sociologist Ruth Glass coined the term “gentrification” to describe how working-class neighborhoods were invaded by the middle class, replacing working-class residents and changing district ethics.
Across the lagoon, in the United States, the same phenomenon was occurring in many large cities, with a particular racial divide. According to National Geographic, “[the] poor colored communities that tend to inhabit neighborhoods that are the target of gentrification have often been the victims of unfair housing policies since the end of World War II.” (See: blockbusting and redlining.) During the post-war period, the wealthier and predominantly white crowds moved from urban centers to the suburbs in a social phenomenon called white flight. But in a few decades, they came back to take advantage of cheap urban properties and gentrification took off. House Furniture Solution
The effects of gentrification
On the positive side, gentrification generally leads to commercial development, better economic opportunities, lower crime rates and an increase in property value, for the benefit of existing owners. On the negative side, it can lead to the loss of popular housing, which mainly affects tenants and can cause the displacement of the existing community. Perlengkapan Rumah Tangga
Interestingly, although displacement is often considered the main negative result of gentrification, it is not as common as one might think. Numerous studies have suggested that gentrification does not normally induce low-income residents to leave their neighborhoods, although this does not necessarily mean that their lifestyles are not affected. As affordable housing declines in gentrification districts, new residents are less likely to be part of low-income groups.
So, how does gentrification begin?
In short, wealth inequality, often associated with systemic racism. “[G] entrification is just a symptom of a bigger problem: a political and economic environment in which even well-paid workers spend more than half of their wages on rent allows almost two-thirds of workers in our country to be paid with impossible wages to live and does not guarantee, nor actively promote, access to basic needs, such as quality health or education, “writes Lindsay M. Miller for the National Civic Review, a publication of the National Civic League. “Gentrification is a problem that can only manifest itself where there is already a vast inequality of wealth.” Property New
The ideal solution for gentrification would be to allow the positive aspects of the process to benefit all residents of a community, both existing and arriving, without being moved. Obviously, it is much easier to speak than to do. It takes a lot of political, social and racial effort and change to work towards this goal of equal benefits, and as long as there is money to invest and earn in potential real estate, it is difficult to argue about the dire effects.